Ce cours explore la situation du monde arabe au regard des bouleversements que la zone a connus depuis 2011. En analysant les conditions qui ont provoqué les révolutions arabes et les réactions qu’elles ont suscitées, nous tenterons de dresser un tableau de la zone et de ses caractéristiques politiques, sociales, économiques, culturelles et religieuses. Le cours est donc conçu comme une ouverture aux enjeux qui structurent actuellement le monde arabe. Il s’agit de présenter les questions théoriques posées par les révolutions arabes, mais également d’introduire les aspects matériels sous-jacents, qui restent pertinents jusqu'à auourd'hui. 


L’objectif de cet enseignement est d’apporter aux étudiants les clés d’analyse historique et sociopolitique des transformations de la Turquie contemporaine. Comprendre la montée au pouvoir de l’AKP, l’irrémédiable question kurde, l’inaboutissement du processus d’adhésion de l’Union Européenne, la relation instable de la Turquie avec ses pays voisins et les impacts majeurs de la crise en Syrie et Irak sur le pays exigent d’avoir un certain recul sur l’histoire de la République et de l’Empire ottoman et de procéder à un décryptage des jeux de pouvoir en Turquie. Ce séminaire a pour double ambition d’offrir aux étudiants un bagage de connaissances sur la Turquie contemporaine et de leurs proposer une approche méthodologique et rigoureuse des questions d’actualité politique d’un pays étranger.

Nous aborderons au fil des différentes séances du séminaire les historiographies et études politiques développées au cours des dernières années en France et en Turquie. Des lectures d’ouvrages et d’articles seront proposées aux étudiants afin de guider leur réflexion. Celles-ci les encourageront à développer une analyse de sociologie politique au plus proche des acteurs et à interroger les dynamiques internes et externes de l’Etat.

Le programme du séminaire est structuré chronologiquement et thématiquement afin de couvrir l’ensemble des périodes historiques et des enjeux de la République de Turquie.


Le cours entend questionner les grandes transformations contemporaines de la question sociale : le développement du travail indépendant et la dite « ubérisation » de l’économie, la « panne » de l’ascenseur social et l’apparition d’une mobilité sociale descendante ou encore la spatialisation et l’ethnicisation des rapports sociaux. Chaque question fera l’objet d’une mise en perspective historique et critique, à l'appui de récents ouvrages de sciences sociales. L’objectif est de permettre aux étudiants de développer une réflexion critique et distanciée à propos de ces grandes questions d’actualité.


Focusing on Hollywood films, this course (and book project, co-authored by Sébastien Lefait) studies the origins, construction, dissemination and persistence of a cultural preconception – the notion that in the US, racism against African Americans belongs almost exclusively in the South. As such, the book elaborates on Jeanne Theoharis’s "A More Beautiful and Terrible History : The Uses and Misuses of Civil Rights History" (Boston : Beacon Press, 2018, particularly chapters 1 and 2), in a specific cultural domain with huge influence the world over. The innovation, then, is the emphasis placed on the cultural vehicles of this obfuscation of racism in the North derived from its entrenchment in the South. In particular, award-winning Hollywood films are studied for their ability to globally propagate a regionally-bounded geography of U.S. racism. Because of their widespread presence and consensually positive reception as progressive, they are considered as potent ideological instruments.

The course and book project are both a quantitative (how many films ? watched by how many people ? what awards ? what international success ?) as well as qualitative analysis, unpacking specific scenes from specific films. These are studied for their capacity to put racial issues at a triple remove: geographical (racism is relegated in the South), historical (it belongs in the past), and social (racism is the preserve of individual, Southern ‘white trash’). Throughout, the films’ political aesthetics is systematically reconnected to their national and international reception, to establish their importance as building blocks in the development of American cultural hegemony, so important in cold war times. The course and book rely partly on hitherto un- or under-explored archives (press from ten countries, Southern press, Hollywood industry archives).

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Descriptif d’enseignement – 2020/2021 3A

Initiation to geo-economics

Enseignant(s) : François-Joseph Fürry

Teacher’s bio: An energy infrastructures and natural resources’ specialist, M. Fürry currently serves as political advisor within French Joint Headquarters and has taken part to various missions with NATO and Franco-British Combined Joined Expeditionary Forces (CJEF). He specialises on military relationships to IOs & NGOs, Civil-Military cooperation as well as advisory on non-military levers to operations, be they of economic, social or religious. He teaches Geopolitical economics as well as Geopolitics of the Middle-East at EDHEC Paris (Executive MBA) and French War College.

Type of course : ☒Course

Syllabus: This course initiates 3A students to a relatively recent discipline born at the crossroads of geography, economics, political sciences and strategy. It is based on an original approach coupling the direct interactive study of founding research texts with the mirrored analysis of major diplomatic public speeches in the last 30 years to put university research into context of ongoing International relations.

Objectives: Discovering the importance of cross-subjects analysis and contextualizing of geopolitical research, while sharpening student’s analytical tools, that can be applied on international affairs, be they of diplomatic or economic nature.

Evaluation: 15’ weekly press reviews of freely chosen relevant events, realised in working groups in alternation, requiring 2 hours of work for the group in charge. This will be coupled with contributions to founding articles studies (1 hour per course of preparation) and critical analysis of major geopolitical speeches in class. Hence a total of 11 hours of preparation work per student across the total length of the course.

Agenda – 9 classes of 2 hours each:

1. The post cold war context of apparition of the geo-economics concept

2. The founding role of Edward Luttwak facing George Bush Sr’s “world new order”

3. The irrepressible decline of borders and emergence of non-state actors

4. The Constructivist approach and the school of Copenhagen: political biases of the geoeconomic approach ?

5. The “Geographist” approach: from emerging powers to the analysis of resource wars

6. 9/11, the violent comeback of risk and of geoeconomic theme: the “Bush doctrine” and neocons in power

7. Hard, soft and smart powers: the Obama doctrine and its underlying geoeconomic roots

8. “War by other means”: the rediscovery of Luttwak’s teachings due to China’s rising power

9. Conclusion – tentative definition and relevance of the concept at the age of global interdependence

Bibliography: - Blackwill, Robert D. and Harris, Jennifer M. 2016. War by Other Means: Geoeconomics and Statecraft. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

- Buzan, Barry, Ole Wæver and Jap de Wilde. 1997. Security: A New Framework for Analysis. Boulder: Lynne Rienner. 

- Cowen, Deborah and Neil Smith. 2009. ‘After Geopolitics?: From the Geopolitical Social to Geoeconomics’. Antipode 41.1: 22–48. 

- Fukuyama, Francis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Avon Books. 

- Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. ‘Why International Primacy Matters’. International Security 17.4: 68–83. 

- Käpylä, Juha and Harri Mikkola. 2016. ‘The Promise of the Geoeconomic Arctic: a Critical Analysis’. Asia Europe Journal 14.2: 203–20. 

- Keohane, Robert O., and Joseph S. Nye. 1977. Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Boston: Little, Brown. 

- Le Billon Ph, 2001. Angola’s political economy of war: the role of oil & diamonds 1975-2000, African affairs, vol 100, n° 398, Jan 2001, pp. 55-80 

- Le Billon Ph., 2004, Geopolitics of resource wars: resource dependence, governance and violence, Geopolitics, London, Frank Cass, 277 p. 

- Edward N. Luttwak, 1990, From geopolitics to geoeconomics: logic of conflict, grammar of commerce, The national interest, Summer 1990, pp. 17-23 

- Luttwak, Edward N., 1993, The Endangered American Dream: How to Stop the United States from Becoming a Third-World Country and How to Win the Geo-economic Struggle for Industrial Supremacy. New York, Simon & Schuster. 

- Mattlin, Mikael and Mikael Wigell. 2016. ‘Geoeconomics in the Context of Restive Regional Powers’. Asia Europe Journal 14.2: 125–34. 

- Morrissey, John. 2011. ‘Closing the Neoliberal Gap: Risk and Regulation in the Long War of Securitization’. Antipode 43.3: 874–900. 

- Scholvin, Sören and Peter Draper. 2012. ‘The Gateway to Africa?: Geography and South Africa’s Role as an Economic Hinge Joint Between Africa and the World’. South African Journal of International Affairs 19.3: 381–400.


The Great Depression profoundly changed the way Americans saw their country and their government: how can one believe in the American Dream when 25% of the population is unemployed? In spite – or because – of the deep economic crisis, cultural production was intense during the 1930s. The federal government funded documentary projects aimed at showing the people the country as it was (and gathering support for the President’s initiatives) and the entertainment industry boomed.

The aim of this course is twofold: to familiarize students with the political and cultural transformations of the United States in the 1930s and to see how the crisis affected the image the country had of itself as a land of freedom and opportunity, a question which can echo contemporary concerns.

We will be working on political and literary texts (Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Steinbeck, Zora Neale Hurston, Grace Lumpkin, John Dos Passos…), photographs, films and songs (Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans, Margaret Bourke-White, Pare Lorentz, Victor Fleming, Woody Guthrie, George Gershwin, Billie Holiday…).